Optimism cautiously crept back into the marketplace this week, as investors continued to cast wary eyes toward Washington D.C. and the high stakes drama playing out around the looming budgets cuts and tax increases of the, “fiscal cliff”. Stocks on Wednesday marked a turning point as they reversed earlier losses, and staged a late day rally with indications that policy makers in the United States were moving closer to bridging their differences helping to support share prices. Although the momentum of late has been positive, indices around the globe remain beholden to news reports discussing the state of negotiations, with any hint of stagnation or progress toward resolution holding the power to move share prices significantly in either direction. Joseph Tanious, a Global Market Strategist for J.P. Morgan was quoted as saying, “I think we’re going to have these markets that react to every single headline. I think an agreement will be reached, and I think we’re likely to see a relief rally at the end of it. But until then, hold on to your seat” (Wall Street Journal).
Through the confusion of this unnecessarily complex dance of politics, it appears as though the two sides are inching closer to common ground. In a break with his party’s line, senior Republican Representative, Tom Cole of Oklahoma on Tuesday advocated to fellow G.O.P. members that they accept the White House’s proposition to extend tax rates for those making $250,000 or less (New York Times). With the issue of possible tax increases on the highest income earners among the most contentious of the current debate, it has become apparent that the President may be amenable to adjusting the size of such an increase, potentially creating the conditions for compromise. If the current tax rates of those Americans making more than $250,000 and $388,000 respectively, which represent the highest brackets, were permitted to expire they would reset to the Clinton era levels of 36% and 39.6%. The co-chairman of the President’s 2010 deficit-reduction panel, Mr. Erskine Bowles suggested, following a meeting with President Obama this week, that those rates may be permitted to rise to a lower level as part of a broader deal. According to the Wall Street Journal, “Mr. Bowles said White House officials made clear to him that the rates might not have to increase quite that high, as long as they increased a significant amount and were paired with some limits on tax breaks.”
Equity markets got an additional lift this week from an article published by the Wall Street Journal, in which Jon Hilsenrath, who is widely considered a de facto mouthpiece for the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States, suggested that the Central bank will likely continue their unprecedented monetary easing policies into next year. Mr. Hilsenrath wrote, “Three months after launching an aggressive push to restart the lumbering U.S. economy, Federal Reserve officials are nearing a decision to continue those efforts into 2013 as the U.S. faces threats from the fiscal cliff at home and fragile economies elsewhere in the world” (Wall Street Journal). Although volatility will almost certainly surround the remaining days of the “fiscal cliff” negotiations in Washington, if the framework for compromise which has been created is completed, the extrication of this uncertainty coupled with the possibility of additional action by the Federal Reserve will be strongly supportive of equity markets around the globe.